Anticipatory responses in serial learning by chimpanzee. by S. D. S. Spragg

Cover of: Anticipatory responses in serial learning by chimpanzee. | S. D. S. Spragg

Published by Johns Hopkins Press in Baltimore .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Chimpanzees.,
  • Animal intelligence.

Edition Notes

Book details

SeriesComparative psychology monographs -- v. 13, serial no. 62.
The Physical Object
Pagination72 p.
Number of Pages72
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17779917M

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In a serial learning task given to subjects whose ages ranged from twenty to seventy, a decline in performance showed itself as a loss of speed in the thirties, a loss of accuracy in the forties, a Cited by: This book is composed of two sets of data—one relates to language learning in the chimpanzee, while the other deals with language construction by Homo sapiens.

The fundamental issue of mind-brain dualism and difference between man and beast are also covered. However, this group displayed a sequence learning effect of 26 ms, F(1, 14) =p learning’, but this learning apparently did not result in performance being sufficiently controlled by memory-based motor chunks, so that the stimulus-based interference effect due to spatial response conflict was not modulated.

4Cited by: The responses in this study must reflect a hierarchical order of responses in the serial tracking pattern learning process It was expected that in the global performance evaluation, functional responses would replace nonfunctional ones during the learning process and that when a complete serial pattern was performed with anticipatory Cited by: 2.

Ziessler, M.: Response-effect learning as a major component of implicit serial learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognit Cited by:   Behavioural Brain Research, 4 () Elsevier Biomedical Press Research Papers SIMULATION OF ANTICIPATORY RESPONSES IN CLASSICAL CONDITIONING BY A NEURON-LIKE ADAPTIVE ELEMENT ANDREW G.

BARTO and RICHARD S. SUTTON Department of Computer and Information Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (U.S.A.). Given that a discrimination between 10 and min might be more difficult than a discrimination between 10 and min, Group L might better learn the serial order than Group S.

Finally, a third possibility is that Group S would better learn the serial order because serial order learning is facilitated by associative formation.

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume ) Abstract. The explicit investigation of anticipations in relation to adaptive behavior is a recent approach.

Butz, M.V.: Anticipatory learning classifier systems. Stöcker, C.: Irrelevant response effects improve serial learning in serial reaction time tasks. The teacher has access to many rewards—for example, an item of food, a drink, a hug, a toy, a picture book, an opportunity to Anticipatory responses in serial learning by chimpanzee.

book with a cat, and so on. Nim typically tries to obtain such. In regard to inhibition, for example, "early (chimpanzee) experiments suggested that the subject had to learn to expect or anticipate a reward upon respondig to a stimulus before there would be any inhibition or frustration effect.

This was a shift in a direction reminiscent of Tolman's formulations. Hull defined learning (habit) broadly. Deficits in impulse control are related to a number of psychiatric diagnoses, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, addiction, and pathological gambling.

Despite increases in our knowledge about the underlying neurochemical and neuroanatomical correlates, understanding of the molecular and cellular mechanisms is less well established.

ioral responses to life situations. In CBT models, cognitive processes, in the form of meanings, judgments, appraisals, and assumptions associated with specific life events, are the primary determinants of one’s feelings and actions in response to life events and thus either facilitate or.

Results suggest that (1) anticipatory eye movements reflected sequence learning and (2) participants made overt and covert shifts of visuospatial attention to likely stimulus locations prior to stimulus onset, whether or not they made manual responses and whether or not there was a sequence.

Abstract. As an undergraduate at the University of Missouri (–), I majored in psychology of a radically behavioristic type. Under the relentless insistence of Professor Max F. Meyer, we students were taught that all behavior consisted of reflexes, innate or conditioned, and that it was quite inadmissible to mention any “mentalistic” concept or phenomenon whatever, “images.

When subjects develop explicit awareness of sequence order, they make the transition from a reaction time mode into an anticipatory mode of response initiation (Ghilardi et al. a,). Concurrently, subjects show an implicit increase in spatial accuracy (Ghilardi et al.

a,). Improvement in accuracy as target order is anticipated is likely the result of both increased time for. Constant period of time must pass before a response is reinforced (anticipatory responses. serial learning-phone numbers.

-the concept "library" activates "links" such as books, quiet, studying, etc. Network of related concepts that are linked together. Anticipatory responses in a linear maze and discrimination are found to have replaced chapters on serial learning, problem solving, voluntary action, and neurophysiological mechanisms.

When adults are given an anticipatory serial task (Restle, ), they make one anticipatory response at each serial position. In this case, response protocols could be constructed from either correct or incorrect responses because correct responses mirror incorrect responses across serial positions.

Herbert S. Terrace is a professor of psychology at Columbia University. He is best known for his experimental work in comparative and animal cognition, particularly on the topics of errorless learning, serial learning, and metacognition, as well as for attempting to train a chimpanzee to use sign language, and for his analysis of the evolution of language.

Learning by doing has been a principle for thousands of years; it has had many proponents, including Plato, Thomas Hobbes English and Spanish epigrammatists, Karl Marx and Mao Zedong, cultural anthropologists, Montessori, John B. Watson, and B. Skinner; and it has had many forms, including learning by doing, discovery versus instruction, practical experience versus book-learning, the.

If you still have a copy of my book, please see pp. where I define a tact as "a verbal operant in which a response of a given form is evoked by a particular object or event" (e.g., the sight.

A series of experiments was performed to test the hypothesis that latent learning at a choice point is in terms of "(1) associations between choice-point stimuli and alternative consequences of going right or left, giving rise to differential anticipatory reactions at the choice point; (2) association between one of these consequences and a satisfier." 28 of 32 rats allowed to explore in a.

For this reason, focusing on a single response system to measure timed anticipation can be problematic. One way to confront this problem is to teach the animal an arbitrary anticipatory response such as pressing a bar in order to obtain food. This response can then be used to study anticipatory responding under a wide range of intervals.

Book. Full-text available regardless of how these colors were positioned on four response keys and without feedback following each response. This demonstrates that serial learning.

anticipatory conditional responses increase search on serial learning in pigeons and mon- keys provide a new perspective on this fundamental skill, one which does not require language and which appears to be phylogene- chimpanzee, 'Ai", mastered a language-like.

It has now been established that this motivational procedure may be used advantageously for chimpanzee in certain types of experiment. Food-tokens as incentives for learning by chimpanzees.

Book Series Title. Comparative psychology monographs. Spragg, S. Anticipatory responses in serial learning by chimpanzee. Comparative. A serial list may be mastered by learning the location of the items relative to the beginning and end of the list, by forming sequential associations between successive terms, or.

Serial. Task composed of a series of discrete skills linked together. ability to time continuous anticipatory movement adjustments in response to speed and/or direction changes of a continuously moving target or object.

Motor Learning and Performance Chapter 3 Book Notes. 31 terms. Motor Learning Chapter 3. 75 terms. Motor Learning Exam 1. We previously demonstrated that adult zebrafish perform well in terms of their general response characteristics (accuracy, anticipatory responding, and omissions) on a three-choice (Parker et al.

a) and later a five-choice version (Parker et al. b) of the commonly used five-choice serial reaction time task (5-CSRTT) (Carli et al. Probe blocks. Of the 25 blocks, blo 20, and 25 were probe blocks in which one or both dimensions of the stimulus sequence were altered to assess learning.

In the combined condition, there were three types of probe block: 1) in probe change timing, the repeating cycle of 12 SOAs was replaced by a pseudorandom set of 84 SOAs, while the cycle of 12 positions/fingers was retained.

SCA6 patients showed lower predictive motor timing, coinciding with a reduced number of correct responses during the ‘anticipatory’ period on the task. Moreover, on the task utilizing reactive motor timing functions, control participants showed both sequence order and temporal interval learning, whereas patients only showed sequence order.

Erroneous responses have to be suppressed in a later stage of the behavior development process. This problem can be avoided if ways can be devised to prevent people learning or experiencing erroneous responses, for example, through the use of programmed instruction or training devices.

There are usually four types of guidance procedure. Herbert S. Terrace (born 29 November ) is a Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at Columbia work covers a broad set of research interests that include behaviorism, animal cognition, ape language and the evolution of language.

He is the author of Nim () and Why Chimpanzees Can't Learn Language and Only Humans Can (). Terrace has made important contributions to. Sign learning as a factor in extinction / John P. Seward and Nissim Levy --A criticism of pre-acquisition and pre-extinction of expectancies / B.

Bugelski, R. Coyer, and W. Rogers --Extinction and the fractional anticipatory response mechanism / Howard Moltz. After a stimulus (such as odor) precedes a biologically significant event (such as the availability of food) animals learn the connection. The next time the stimulus occurs, the animal acts like it expects the same event to follow.

Thus a classically conditioned response is an anticipatory response. Numerical competence is one of the many aspects of animal cognition that have enjoyed a resurgence of interest during the past decade. Evidence for numerical abilities in animals has followed a tortuous path to respectability, however, from Clever Hans, the.

Chimpanzees, as humans’ closest living primate relatives, offer an important point of comparison for evolutionary studies.

As in humans (but not macaques), the chimpanzee mirror system shows a substantial response to observed intransitive actions; however, as in macaques (but not in humans), the neural response to observed action is mostly frontally focused in chimpanzees.

Citing previous research using social learning theory for the study of murder, this article explores how potential serial killers learn to reinforce violence, aggression, and murder in military. These incipient responses become, in the course of learning, by transfer, connected into larger units, the transition between the components of which are smoothed or rounded off by some anticipatory interaction, thus giving the impression of a coherent whole, an apparently insightful run.

(Schiller, d, p. Books. All Books. Book Reviews. Author Q&As. a five-year-old chimpanzee, react as they watch a BBC environmental programme in a primate winter enclosure in Almaty March 6. Motor learning for swimmers is an expanding form of training.

This is most popularized by Dr. Rushall’s work and his Swimming Science Bulletin: SWIMMING ENERGY TRAINING IN THE 21ST CENTURY: THE JUSTIFICATION FOR RADICAL CHANGES.

If you have not read this document, get to work (at least the Cliff Notes version: Revolution in Swimming: Ultra-short Training at Race .The New Style. There is an emergence of a new leadership style — Anticipatory leadership.A style of leadership incubated within the Ecommerce and Digital industries.

The tipping point was most.Chunking has also been used to explain the performance of animals on a variety of sequential tasks, e.g., detecting the temporal pattern of the amount of reinforcement that can be earned from trial to trial (Capaldi et al., ), learning a rule for responding to a row of response levers in a particular sequence (Fountain & Annau,

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